Cette rubrique qui reste à compléter présente des personnalités qui ont joué un rôle important en Orient entre 1798 et 1945 et qui ne sont pas traitées dans les autres rubriques ou dont l'oeuvre recouvre plusieurs disciplines.



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Emile Amelineau (1850-1915)

After studying the Coptic language and Egyptology under Eugène Grébaut and Gaston Maspero, Emile Amenlineau took part in the French archaeological mission to Cairo in 1883-1885.

From 1895 to 1898, he conducted the Abydos excavations in Egypt. He taught the Egyptian religions at the Ecole pratique des Hautes Etudes and left behind a number of texts on the Copts. His catalogue of Coptic manuscripts at the Bibliothèque nationale has remained in handwritten format.

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Jean-Louis Asselin de Cherville (1772-1822)

Studying under Silvestre de Sacy, from 1806 he took up duties as a dragoman and consular official first in Cairo and then in Alexandria.

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Jane Dieulafoy (1851-1916)

Jane Dieulafoy deservesd, just like her husband Marcel (1844-1920), to stand out in the annals of archaeology. They both became archaeologists in Persia during the initial exploratory mission in 1881-1882, then in 1884-1886 to inaugurate the first large-scale excavations of Susa.

Eve Gran-Aymerich, doctor of literature
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Antonin Jaussen (1871-1962)

Antonin Jaussen, who arrived in Palestine in the late 19th century, was a companion of Père Lagrange, the founder of the Ecole Biblique et Archéologique Française of Jerusalem, and a witness to and sometimes an actor in the major historical events that marked the Near East from the end of the Ottoman Empire to the era of Nasser.

Jean Jacques Pérennès, director of the École Biblique et Archéologique Française of Jerusalem.
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Joseph Ernest Renan (1823-1892)

As a constant horizon of his research, the Orient occupied a prominent place in the literary and scholarly production of Ernest Renan, both in his large volumes covering the history of religions, and in his erudite works of linguistics, epigraphy or archaeology.

Domenico Paone, docteur de l’EPHE, director of the Renan Group in ITEM (UMR 8132 CNRS / ENS)
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Seymour de Ricci (1881-1942)

Egypt featured most prominently during the first part of Seymour de Ricci’s career, when this man of letters, art historian and collector served as representative for the Ministry of Public Instruction (now the Ministry of National Education) there in 1905, and again in 1908-1909.

Later, he went on to leave a number of publications on the history of books. He bequeathed part of his collections, including a series of papyrus, to the Bibliothèque Nationale.

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Agence Rol (1904-1937)

For Rol, the photographic agency of the French press in the first third of the 20th century, it was rare to send operators abroad. The existence of a few series taken at the time in Palestine, Syria, Iraq or Turkey reveals a fallow period in the events which the agency judged to be interesting for its clients in the generalist or specialist illustrated national press.

Dominique Versavel, curator of the Department of Stamps and Photography at the BNF, responsible for the modern photography and press collection
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Roland de Vaux (1903-1971)

La découverte des manuscrits de la mer Morte vers la fin des années 1940 a été une des aventures scientifiques majeures du XXe siècle dans le domaine de l’histoire du judaïsme et de la connaissance du milieu de la Bible. Un des artisans principaux de cette découverte a été le dominicain Roland de Vaux, archéologue et spécialiste de l’histoire de l’Ancien Israël.

Jean-Jacques Pérennes, directeur de l'École biblique et archéologique française de Jérusalem
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Marie-Joseph Lagrange (1855-1938)

Le dominicain Marie-Joseph Lagrange, fondateur de l’Ecole biblique et archéologique française de Jérusalem, est considéré comme un des principaux fondateurs de l’exégèse catholique moderne. Son œuvre a eu le mérite de rendre à la pensée catholique sur la Bible droit de cité dans le monde savant et fait qu’il est encore respecté très au-delà des milieux chrétiens.

Jean-Jacques Pérennès, directeur de l'École biblique et archéologique française de Jérusalem.
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Jean-François Champollion (1790-1832)

Jean-François Champollion naît le 23 décembre 1790 à Figeac d’un père libraire. Passionné de langues anciennes, il a comme premier maître son aîné de douze ans, Jacques-Joseph dit Champollion-Figeac, qui joue un rôle déterminant dans son inclination pour l’Égypte.

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