About us

Content development and translations are constantly in progress. We recommend that you check the website regularly for updates. 


 Access the essays direcly 

Read more >
Conditions for Use


These general conditions for use of the Gallica web site, the address for which is  and hereinafter called “the Web Site”, set out the conditions for use of the Web Site by web users.
By browsing the Web Site, its web users (hereinafter called “the web users”) acknowledge that they have read the Web Site’s legal notices, and they accept these general conditions for use (hereinafter called “the GCUs”).

Read more >
Legal Notices

The website is published by the Bibliothèque nationale de France.

Read more >
The Shared Heritage Digital Collection

The Bibliothèques d'Orient website is part of the “Shared Heritage” digital collection which, thanks to the holdings of the Bibliothèque Nationale de France and those of partners and contributors, disseminates to the public a documentary heritage of common interest. 

Read more >