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French colonization of North America and the greater Caribbean led to the creation of new societies, born from the encounters between Europeans, Indigenous Peoples, and Africans.
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« Slave trade »
  After Portugal and Great Britain, France was the third most active power involved in the transatlantic Slave Trade.
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  • 7 Nov 1659. Québec....
  • 16 Sep 1657 . Québec....
  • 13 Oct 1658. Québec. Power...
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Female entrepreneurs in New France
Women of all classes engaged in commercial enterprises in New France. Their activities were facilitated by the colony’s Custom of Paris, which gave them broader property rights than most other French legal codes. ...
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John Law and the Compagnie d’Occident
To reinvigorate the kingdom of France which was in a poor state after the death of Louis XIV, the Scotsman John Law set up the Compagnie d’Occident, to support trade and the colonies, while ridding the state of the burden...
Arnaud Orain, professor of economic science at the University of Paris 8
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Commercial Companies
Beginning with the Compagnie de Saint-Christophe (1626-1635), to the final Compagnie des Indes (1785-1793), many French companies benefited from privileged access to overseas commerce during the Ancien Régime. ...
Catherine Desbarats, McGill University
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Cod Fishing in New France
In 1683, Jacques de Meulles, the Intendant of New France, wrote: “One might say that this fishery is a Peru and if it were carried out only by the king’s subjects, this country [New France] would soon be flourishing.” ...
Mario Mimeault, doctor of history.
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Coureurs de bois
In Canada, the fur trade led to the creation in the 17th century of a special social category: the “coureur de bois” (literally: “wood runner”). These Frenchmen who travelled among Indigenous peoples were long seen as vag...
Gilles Havard, research director at CNRS.
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The Fur Trade
In North-East America, the exchange system we call the fur trade emerged in the 16th century, mainly on the shores of what are now known as the Gulfs of Maine and Saint Lawrence.
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