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French cartography of the Saint Lawrence River
The oldest known maps of the Saint Lawrence River are the work of Norman cartographers who collected information from sailors who had navigated the Atlantic Ocean.
Jean-François Palomino, Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec
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The La Vérendrye and the North American West
Canadian caterers and explorers, Pierre Gaultier de La Varennes et de La Vérendrye (1685-1749) and his three sons Jean-Baptiste, Pierre and François, searched for a hypothetical "Western Sea" from 1731 to 1744 . ...
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La Pérouse and the Pacific Coast
At the beginning of the 18th century, Europeans had little to no knowledge of the Pacific coast from Mexico to the Arctic Circle. There was a double uncertainty in the North Pacific: Was North America connected to Asia? D...
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Cavelier de la Salle
Long celebrated as the discoverer of the Mississippi and the founder of Louisiana, René-Robert Cavelier de La Salle (1643-1687) was, strictly speaking, neither.
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The “Western Sea”
From the 16th to the 18th century, explorers, geographers, and the French government were committed to the search for a passage that would facilitate travel between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, allowing straightforwar...
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From the St. Lawrence Valley to the Great Plains (17th-18th C.)
Voyages of exploration and their attendant colonial objectives resumed under Henri IV, whose reign (1589-1610) marked the return of civil and religious peace.
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