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Land ownership
The transformation of territory into property for European colonists lies at the heart of the colonization process.  
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New Orleans from 1718 to 1769
Under French rule, New Orleans took only limited advantage of its position as the gateway to the Mississippi, but it quickly became a slave society following the model of Saint-Domingue.
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Montreal : a Town in colonial America
Both an island and a town, Montreal boasted two essential geographical features that made it an indispensable site for Indigenous peoples and, later, European colonists: the Saint Lawrence River and its tributaries and th...
Sylvie Dépatie, specialist of the Canadian history under the French regime
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Quebec, the Capital of New France
Under the French Regime, the city of Quebec was the administrative centre of the colony from 1608 to 1759.
Christian Blais, historian, National Assembly of Quebec
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French Immigration to the USA in the 19th Century
Attracted by the project of founding a new society or simply better conditions of life for themselves and their families, French immigrants brought to the USA their techniques, cultural practices and art of living. ...
Annick Foucrier, agrégée d'histoire, professeure émérite à l’université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne
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The Refugees from Saint-Domingue in New Orleans
New Orleans is the USA’s most Caribbean town, in part because, in the wake of the Haitian Revolution, it welcomed some 15,000 refugees (White colonists, free people of color and enslaved people) from the French colony of ...
Nathalie Dessens, University Toulouse-Jean Jaurès
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Emigrants, Refugees and Outcasts in the Young American Republic
During political unrest, from the Revolution to the Restoration, the French took refuge in the United States. Some bought land in states recently opened for settlement from companies, but these speculations ended in failu...
Annick Foucrier, agrégée d'histoire, professeure émérite à l’université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne
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The Huguenots in the Americas
Que ce soit dans le cadre impérial français ou britannique, les huguenots ont été présents aux Amériques, sur le continent ou aux îles, du milieu du XVIe siècle à la fin du XVIIIe.
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The French in the American Civil War (1861-1865)
Right from the start of hostilities, French immigrants contributed to the war effort. A bloody experience which was to help attach them permanently to their adoptive country.
Farid Ameur, docteur en histoire de l’université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne.
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French Immigration to Canada (1760-1914)
In the early 18th century, the French started to immigrate to Canada. Until the British conquest in 1760, 35,000 did so. Perhaps fewer than half came to stay. Of them, about 9,000 left behind lineages that today include s...
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