Foundations texts

The Old and New Testaments were translated into the languages of the Eastern Christians: the Peshitta, the Syriac version of the Bible, was completed in the 5th century, when the Coptic version began. The translation of the Hebrew Bible by Saadia Gaon (10th century) has been preserved, as have previous Arabic manuscripts of the New Testament.

Objects and works in the exhibition "Oriental Christians: 2,000 Years of History"

From 26 September 2017 to 14 January 2018 at the Institut du monde arabe and from 17 February to 5 June 2018 at the Tourcoing Musée des beaux-arts.

Ernest Renan and the Origins of Christianity

Ernest Renan’s La Vie de Jésus was born during a journey to the Middle East. A study of its  manuscripts enlightens us about the circumstances of this genesis and this scholar’s working methods.

Eastern churches

As of the 16th century siècle, the West saw Eastern Christianity in terms of the confessional struggle between Catholics and Protestants, but also as a political competition between rival powers.


From the 16th century, scores of religious figures – Jesuits and Franciscans in particular – travelled to the East in a bid to rally to Rome the believers of the separate Churches by founding Eastern Catholic Churches. Protestants also journeyed eastbound, but their aim was rather to evangelise Muslims.

Christian schools

In the mid 19th century, Catholic congregations (Sisters of Charity of Saint Vincent De Paul, Brothers of the Christian Schools, Missionaries of Africa, etc.) founded schools and dispensaries across several Eastern countries – at a time when such congregations were not all legally re-established in France.

Œuvre des Écoles d'Orient

Œuvre des Écoles d'Orient, a periodical bulletin, later Œuvre d'Orient, trimonthly publication

As an indirect consequence of the signing of the Capitulations, the expatriate western Christians in the Ottoman Empire were allowed to have c

Protectorates and Christians in the Orient

Studies and articles on the French religious protectorate (1535) in the East; on the "dispute over the Holy Places" and on the French expedition to Syria (1860-1861) following the massacres of Christians.