Find more photographs of these countries and citites in the rubriques Archaelogy and The Orient of photographs.


At the end of the 18th century, Alexandria seemed to be a declining city, in comparison with its former glory, and the members of the expedition to Egypt described nothing but ruins and desolation.

Constantinople / Istanbul

As 29th May 1453 dawned, after a spectacular, two-month siege, Sultan Mehmed II’s troops entered Constantinople, putting an end to the millennial Byzantine Empire. As the world shook, Constantinople became the new capital of the Ottoman Empire.

Drawings of sites and views from the "Description of Egypt"

The military campaign launched by the Directory committee in April 1798 doubled up as a scientific expedition that Bonaparte, who was heading it up, hoped would be in the same league as those embarked on by Louis-Antoine Bougainville, James Cook or Jean-François de la Pérouse.

Maps and plans

Districts and overviews

Photographs and postcards

Photographs and postcards whisking you on a journey to Egypt, Syria or Iraq...